One of the four Confucian temples in China, Confucius Temple in Nanjing

Mark wiens


Confucius Temple is a group of large-scale ancient architectural complex, after vicissitudes of life, several times abandoned, is a place to worship and sacrifice Confucius, one of China's four Confucian temples, known as the scenic spots in Qinhuai and become the characteristic landscape area of the ancient capital of Nanjing, is well-known at home and abroad as a tourist resort, is China's largest traditional ancient market. Confucius Temple was not only the cultural and educational center of Nanjing in the Ming and Qing Dynasties, but also the top cultural and educational building complex in the southeast provinces.

The Confucius Temple was built in the Song Dynasty, located in the north bank of the Qin Huai River Gongyuan Street, the Qin Huai River in front of the temple, the south bank of the stone brick wall for the screen wall, a total length of 110 meters, 10 meters high, is the most screen wall in the country. North shore temple before the Juxing Pavilion, Sile pavilion; The central axis built Lingxing gate, Dacheng gate, Dacheng Hall, Mingde Hall, Zunjing Pavilion and other buildings; In addition to the temple east Kuixing Pavilion.

Fan Li, Zhou Yu, Wang Dao, Xie An, Li Bai, Du Mu, Wu Jingzi and hundreds of other famous military strategists, statesmen and writers created immortal achievements here and wrote a chapter that will be read through the ages.

The historical Confucius Temple has been destroyed four times and built five times, the last time destroyed by the Japanese invasion of artillery in 1937. Since its restoration in 1984, the temple has received more than 100 million visitors, with a daily flow of more than 100,000 in weekdays and more than 300,000 in holidays.

Confucius Temple has become an important scenic spot in the ten-mile Qinhuai scenic belt rich in Ming and Qing architectural style. It takes Dacheng Hall as the center, north-south into an axis, left and right architectural symmetry, covers an area of about 26300 square meters. It has been listed as a municipal cultural relic protection unit. Confucius Temple is located south of the city center, on the north bank of the Qinhuai River beside Gongyuan Street. It is a bustling city evolved from a cultural and educational center. The Confucius Temple, as it is commonly called, actually includes the Confucius Temple, the Academy and the tributes.

Confucius Temple is to worship and sacrifice the temple of Confucius, also known as the temple of King Xuan Wen, short for the temple of Literature. It has become famous at home and abroad as the ancient city of Jinling Qinhuai scenic spots, become a famous tourist resort. The Confucius Temple was first built in the first year of Jingyou of the Song Dynasty (1034 AD). After many vicissitudes of life, it has been abandoned for several times. The current government has funded the reconstruction for years, so that the Confucius Temple, with Dachendian as the main body, has not only the style of Ming and Qing Dynasties, but also the temple city streetscape.

The Confucius Temple has received more than 80 million visitors since it was rebuilt in 1984. On a normal day, more than 100,000 people come for sightseeing and shopping, and up to 300,000 in peak season. People rub shoulders and linger to enjoy the charming scenery of Qinhuai.

Qinhuai snacks

Confucius Temple serves more than 200 kinds of traditional food and flavored snacks. The food culture of Confucius Temple has a long history, dating back to the Six Dynasties period. The Ming and Qing Dynasties were especially prosperous. Various schools of cuisine and snacks competed for a unique feat and won. Since the reform and opening up, the municipal government has explored and arranged the scattered folk snacks, innovated on the basis of inheriting the traditional characteristics, and formed the Qinhuai snacks represented by the "eight treasures of Qinhuai".

The snacks in Confucius Temple are provided with dry and sparse collocation, alternating meat and vegetable with folk performances, which has strong local characteristics and cultural atmosphere, making the catering process become a process of general cultural appreciation, reflecting the exquisite combination of food and culture, which has long attracted tourists from home and abroad, and become an important pillar of Confucius Temple tourism economy and the characteristic culture of this region.

Lantern Festival in Confucius Temple

Nanjing Confucius Temple Lantern Fair, also known as "Jinling Lantern Fair", is a folk cultural activity spread in Nanjing area, mainly held during the Spring Festival to the Lantern Festival every year. As early as the Southern Dynasty, there was the Lantern Festival, which was regarded as the national champion. Since the early Ming Dynasty, the Lantern Festival in Nanjing has gradually enjoyed the reputation of "Qinhuai Lantern Festival is the best in the world", and the famous "Lantern Boat" on the Qinhuai River has also become famous throughout the world. Since the 20th century, the Lantern Festival has been further expanded, and the decorating technique of Qinhuai lantern color has also been improved constantly, and promoted the development of Nanjing folk arts such as paper cutting, diablo, rope knot, carving, shadow play, animal dance, Yangko and stilt walking. The Confucius Temple Lantern Festival in Nanjing has a long history. According to records, as early as the Southern Dynasty, the traditional Lantern Festival was held in the capital city of Nanjing, which is the largest in China. Since Zhu Yuanzhang, Emperor Hongwu, initiated the Lantern Festival in Nanjing in the early Ming Dynasty, Nanjing gradually began to enjoy the reputation of "Qinhuai Lights (color) the best in the world", and the painted boat (commonly known as "Lantern boat ") hanging lanterns on the Qinhuai River became famous.

In history, the Lantern Festival of Confucius Temple in Nanjing was mainly distributed in the Qinhuai River basin of Nanjing. After the 20th century, it was mainly concentrated in the Confucius Temple area and expanded to the five miles east of the "ten-li Qin Huai". The core area includes Confucius Temple, Zhan Yuan, Bai Lu Zhou Park, Wu Jingzi's former Residence Exhibition Hall, Jiangnan Tribute Museum Exhibition Hall, Zhonghua Gate Wengcheng Exhibition Hall and Zhonghua Road, Pingjiang Fu Road, Yuanyuan Road, Paspi Road.

Nanjing Confucius Temple Lantern Festival, as an important folk culture activity, is an important space for successive generations of Nanjing people to continue and inherit folk culture. For a long time, it has become an important part of Qinhuai culture. Nanjing local and foreign culture and art throughout the Lantern Festival, constitute its artistic connotation.


Sanshan Street, Nanjing


Take a bus to Confucius Temple Station.

Nanjing Metro Line 3, get off at Confucius Temple Station.

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