Terra Cotta Warriors in the Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor
The Terra Cotta Warriors, also known as the Terra Cotta Warriors of the First Qin Emperor Mausoleum, or the Terra Cotta Warriors or the Terracotta Warriors, is the first batch of national key cultural relics protection units and the first batch of Chinese world heritage sites. It is located in the Terra Cotta Warriors pit 1.5 kilometers east of the Qin Shihuang Mausoleum in Lintong District, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province.
Terra Cotta Warriors is a category of ancient tomb sculptures. In ancient times, the slave was an accessory of the slave owner before his death. After the death of the slave owner, the slave should be buried as a sacrificial object for the slave owner. The Terra Cotta Warriors are made into burial objects in the shape of soldiers and horses (chariots, horses, soldiers).
On March 4, 1961, the Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor was announced by the State Council as the first batch of key cultural relics under national protection. In March 1974, the Terra Cotta Warriors were discovered. In 1987, the Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor and the Terra Cotta Warriors Pit were approved by UNESCO to be included in the World Heritage List. They are known as the "eighth wonder of the world". More than 200 foreign heads of state and government have visited them successively, becoming a golden card of China's glorious ancient civilization and one of the world's top ten rare treasures of ancient tombs.
The Qinshihuang Mausoleum Museum is a large site museum based on the Qinshihuang Terra Cotta Warriors Museum and supported by the Qinshihuang Mausoleum Site Park (Lishan Park); It is also a public cultural space integrating education, scientific research, sightseeing, leisure and other functions based on the protection and display of the archaeological site itself and its environment, with the mausoleum of Emperor Qin Shihuang and its many burial pits as the main body.
In 2007, the Qinshihuang Mausoleum Museum was awarded the first batch of national AAAAA tourist attractions, including the Qinshihuang Terra Cotta Warriors Museum and Lishan Garden. The distance between the two scenic spots is 2200 meters. Visitors can take a free shuttle bus to and from the two scenic spots. In 2008, the Museum of the Terra Cotta Warriors of the First Emperor of Qin was awarded the first batch of national first-class museums. In 2009, the Museum of the Terra Cotta Warriors and Horses of the First Emperor of Qin obtained the qualification of group archaeological leader.
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