Dear friends, now I will introduce you the Summer Palace in the world, the Summer Palace is the largest imperial garden extant. Founded in jin, located at Beijing west, 15 kilometers away from downtown, covers an area of 290 hectares. Scenic area mainly by kunming lake and longevity hill two main components, including the bravery of 3/4. The whole garden is divided into three different regions, namely function in the house as the center; political divisions With jade ripples hall, appropriate non-success hall and living quarters for the center; ( With long corridor, kunming lake, suzhou street etc as the main body of the recreational area. The Summer Palace will national landscape and the famous construction is an organic whole, set the north-south gardening art dacheng, achieve "is doing, though the court as tiancheng" artistic effect.
Early in jin, this place called the Summer Palace garden neither, nor so beautiful, just one place emperor at the natural esp, coordinating the mountain called jinshan, jinshan palace, built above JinHai waters called. The yuan dynasty changed for urn mountain, mount tabor for urn mountain waters. When Ming dynasty this group of landscape is called good mountain garden, had appeared "miles castle peak line the picture, like the white jiangnan" ode scenery. Qing dynasty is its heyday, for emperor qianlong parent to celebrate his 60th birthday, not only develop the lake in piedmont, and built some buildings behind the building, especially in the corridor is divine inspiration. The kunming lake emperor qianlong, meaning a peach-shaped dig into shape to its parent, and the urn offered longevity hill was renamed the longevity hill and put this garden is called qingyi park.
Everything has the will, the decline in 1860, the anglo-french allied into Beijing, will qingyi park, the yuanmingyuan inside "three mountain five parks" burst into flames scorched earth. In 1885, empress dowager cixi misappropriate navy military and rebuilt garden was renamed the Summer Palace, take "remaining blunt and" meaning. But recently, coalition forces in 1900 once again Friday, empress dowager cixi will the Summer Palace in 1903, because money again restored limited, only restored before the longevity hill view. After the liberation, the people's government of garden many repairs and protection, the Summer Palace and restore a bygone style. In 1998, UNESCO listed them as the "world cultural heritage catalogue, now we go to visit the temple.
Folks, this is the door, the door, said there were two accompany "pigs monkey stone", it is sun wukong and pig eight quit was sent here for the royal guard home. Into life, we don't see the door, right against the face is a temple of the tall accompany, it is played a "disabled scene" role. This is China's classical gardens one method of landscape, its purpose is to play the role of screen, avoid nosocomial scenery take in everything in a glance, lose implicative feeling. We have just spoken, the Summer Palace is the collection north-south gardens of the da, reason is the Chinese classic garden's work model, many times, several successful use of various landscaping method, I'll a always introduce, ask everybody to come with me.
Just now we saw the door that piece, now please you accompany look again nosocomial around, there are four, why should accompany here put some grotesque so-called "accompany"? First I tell you one thing first accompany what. Speaking of accompany, everyone should not unfamiliar, in many gardens, they look within grotesque and covered with holes, or pile into rockery or deck scene, just don't quite know their names only. Actually, accompany is produced in the taihu lake in wuxi city, jiangsu province, because of its looks strange, have "thoroughly, thin, wrinkle, leakage," said, but output and little, reason is shipped XiHanWu royal elected in garden within adornment effect. Some accompany natural character, animal or like some more auspicious divine thing, send and collections, become a symbol of a good fuck.
Remember the piece's door from behind and accompany look, nothing fancy, but will look from the front, you will clap your hands, because the feats accompany just like an old huang zhi zhao, facing the temple, give empress dowager cixi wish? You look like I don't like? Another four accompany its shape, symbolic throughout the year according to the "autumn, autumn, winter XiaRong", this is, the four seasons stones and old huang zhi zhao called "peak virtual five old", to symbolize long life meaning.
Look again at the courts this is called "copper monsters like" repeatedly, you see it antlers, bibcock, a lion's tail, cattle's hoof, although it looks strange, but high strength, skill can from fire, it is a kind of ACTS of beast, since "benevolence beast", therefore, in "the" before the house, is really looking for the right place! You might ask, what did you say "it's looking for the right place", could this "repeatedly" originally is not here as? You say well, "like" the original pair, adhering to the emperor qianlong casting is originally put yuanmingyuan, 1860 the anglo-french allied fire, another was yuanmingyuan destroyed by invading, is regrettable.