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  • 颐和园中英文导游词

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    • 2011-05-10
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        各位朋友,现在我为大家介绍一下颐和园,颐和园是世界上现存规模最大的皇家园林。始建于金代,位于北京西北郊,距市区15公里,占地面积290公顷。景区主要由昆明湖和万寿山两大部分组成,其中水域面积占全园的3/4。整个园林分为三个功能不同的区域,即以仁寿殿为中心的政治区;以玉澜堂、宜芸馆及乐寿堂为中心的生活区;以长廊、昆明湖、苏州街等为主体的游览区。颐和园将全国的美景及著名建筑融为一体,集南北造园艺术之大成,达到“虽为人做,苑如天成”的艺术效果。

    Dear friends, now I will introduce you the Summer Palace in the world, the Summer Palace is the largest imperial garden extant. Founded in jin, located at Beijing west, 15 kilometers away from downtown, covers an area of 290 hectares. Scenic area mainly by kunming lake and longevity hill two main components, including the bravery of 3/4. The whole garden is divided into three different regions, namely function in the house as the center; political divisions With jade ripples hall, appropriate non-success hall and living quarters for the center; ( With long corridor, kunming lake, suzhou street etc as the main body of the recreational area. The Summer Palace will national landscape and the famous construction is an organic whole, set the north-south gardening art dacheng, achieve "is doing, though the court as tiancheng" artistic effect.

        早在金代的时候,这处园林既不叫颐和园,也没有这么美,只是一处帝王游猎的天然园囿,当时的山叫金山,上面建有金山行宫,水域叫金海。元代改山为瓮山,水域为瓮山泊。明代时这一组山水被称为好山园,已经出现了“十里青山行画里、双飞白鸟似江南”的美景。清代是它的全盛时期,乾隆皇帝为了给其母庆贺六十大寿,不仅拓展湖面,又在山前、山后修建了不少建筑,特别是长廊的修建更是神来之笔。乾隆皇帝把昆明湖挖成寿桃形,寓意向其母献寿,又把瓮山改名为万寿山,并把此处园林称为清漪园。 

    Early in jin, this place called the Summer Palace garden neither, nor so beautiful, just one place emperor at the natural esp, coordinating the mountain called jinshan, jinshan palace, built above JinHai waters called. The yuan dynasty changed for urn mountain, mount tabor for urn mountain waters. When Ming dynasty this group of landscape is called good mountain garden, had appeared "miles castle peak line the picture, like the white jiangnan" ode scenery. Qing dynasty is its heyday, for emperor qianlong parent to celebrate his 60th birthday, not only develop the lake in piedmont, and built some buildings behind the building, especially in the corridor is divine inspiration. The kunming lake emperor qianlong, meaning a peach-shaped dig into shape to its parent, and the urn offered longevity hill was renamed the longevity hill and put this garden is called qingyi park.

        凡事有兴必有衰,1860年,英法联军入京,将清漪园、圆明园在内的“三山五园”烧成一片焦土。1885年,慈禧太后挪用海军军费重修园林,并改名为颐和园,取“颐养冲和”之意。但好景不长,1900年八国联军又一次将颐和园付之一炬,慈禧太后于1903年再次重建,由于财力有限,只恢复了万寿山前的景观。解放后,人民政府多次对园林进行修缮、保护,颐和园又恢复了往日的风采。1998年联合国教科文组织将其列入了《世界文化遗产目录》,现在我们去参观一下仁寿殿。 

    Everything has the will, the decline in 1860, the anglo-french allied into Beijing, will qingyi park, the yuanmingyuan inside "three mountain five parks" burst into flames scorched earth. In 1885, empress dowager cixi misappropriate navy military and rebuilt garden was renamed the Summer Palace, take "remaining blunt and" meaning. But recently, coalition forces in 1900 once again Friday, empress dowager cixi will the Summer Palace in 1903, because money again restored limited, only restored before the longevity hill view. After the liberation, the people's government of garden many repairs and protection, the Summer Palace and restore a bygone style. In 1998, UNESCO listed them as the "world cultural heritage catalogue, now we go to visit the temple.

        各位,这是仁寿门,门口有两块太湖石,人称“猪猴石”,据说是孙悟空和猪八戒被派到这里来为皇家看家护院。走进人寿门,看到的并不是仁寿殿,迎面是一块高大的太湖石,它是起到一个“障景”的作用。这是我国古典园林中造景的方法之一,其目的是起到屏风的作用,避免院内景物一览无余,失去含蓄之感。刚才我们讲过了,颐和园是集南北园林之大成,故又是中国古典园林的典范之作,多次、多处成功地运用了各种造景方法,待会儿我再一一向各位介绍,请各位先随我来。 

    Folks, this is the door, the door, said there were two accompany "pigs monkey stone", it is sun wukong and pig eight quit was sent here for the royal guard home. Into life, we don't see the door, right against the face is a temple of the tall accompany, it is played a "disabled scene" role. This is China's classical gardens one method of landscape, its purpose is to play the role of screen, avoid nosocomial scenery take in everything in a glance, lose implicative feeling. We have just spoken, the Summer Palace is the collection north-south gardens of the da, reason is the Chinese classic garden's work model, many times, several successful use of various landscaping method, I'll a always introduce, ask everybody to come with me.

        刚才我们看到了门口的那块太湖石,现在请各位再看看院内四周,这里还有四块太湖石,为什么要在这里放些奇形怪状的所谓“太湖石”呢?首先我先告诉大家何为太湖石。说起太湖石,大家应该不陌生,在很多园林内都有,它们看起来奇形怪状,满身是洞,或堆成假山或装点景致,只是不太知道它们的名字罢了。其实,太湖石是产自于江苏无锡的太湖湖底,因其相貌奇特,有“透、瘦、皱、漏”之称,而且产量又少,故被皇家选为稀罕物运来放在园林内起装饰作用。有些太湖石天生酷似某些人物、动物或祥瑞之物,就更成了人们收藏、寄与某种美好象征的“尤物”。 

    Just now we saw the door that piece, now please you accompany look again nosocomial around, there are four, why should accompany here put some grotesque so-called "accompany"? First I tell you one thing first accompany what. Speaking of accompany, everyone should not unfamiliar, in many gardens, they look within grotesque and covered with holes, or pile into rockery or deck scene, just don't quite know their names only. Actually, accompany is produced in the taihu lake in wuxi city, jiangsu province, because of its looks strange, have "thoroughly, thin, wrinkle, leakage," said, but output and little, reason is shipped XiHanWu royal elected in garden within adornment effect. Some accompany natural character, animal or like some more auspicious divine thing, send and collections, become a symbol of a good fuck.

        还记得门口的那块太湖石吧,从背后看去,没什么奇特之处,但要从正面看上去,你便会拍手叫绝,因为这块太湖石就像是一个老寿星,面向仁寿殿,给慈禧太后祝呢,您看像不像?另外四块太湖石根据其形状,象征一年四季之“春华、秋实、冬枯、夏荣”,这四季石与老寿星被称为“峰虚五老”,象征长寿之意。

    Remember the piece's door from behind and accompany look, nothing fancy, but will look from the front, you will clap your hands, because the feats accompany just like an old huang zhi zhao, facing the temple, give empress dowager cixi wish? You look like I don't like? Another four accompany its shape, symbolic throughout the year according to the "autumn, autumn, winter XiaRong", this is, the four seasons stones and old huang zhi zhao called "peak virtual five old", to symbolize long life meaning.

        再看看院中的这只铜铸的怪兽,人称“四不象”,你看它鹿角、龙头、狮尾、牛蹄,别看它长相怪异,可是本领高强,能避火,又是一种仁义之兽,既是“仁兽”,故在“仁寿”殿前,真是找对了地方!您也许会问,刚才你说“真是找对了地方”,莫非这“四不象”原来不在此处?您说的不错,“四不象”原有一对,是乾隆年间铸造的,原来放在圆明园,1860年英法联军火烧圆明园时,另一只被侵略军所毁,真是令人惋惜。 

    Look again at the courts this is called "copper monsters like" repeatedly, you see it antlers, bibcock, a lion's tail, cattle's hoof, although it looks strange, but high strength, skill can from fire, it is a kind of ACTS of beast, since "benevolence beast", therefore, in "the" before the house, is really looking for the right place! You might ask, what did you say "it's looking for the right place", could this "repeatedly" originally is not here as? You say well, "like" the original pair, adhering to the emperor qianlong casting is originally put yuanmingyuan, 1860 the anglo-french allied fire, another was yuanmingyuan destroyed by invading, is regrettable.

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