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  • 圆明园中英文导游词

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    • 2011-05-13
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    尊敬的女士、先生们:

    Respect lady, gentlemen:

        今天,我们来游览世界遗产——圆明园,希望大家旅途愉快!

        Today, we will tour the world heritage - yuanmingyuan, hope you a pleasant journey!

        虽然它的辉煌已成为过去,我们现在看到的是残垣断壁,但是我们站在圆明园的遗址上,不仅仅感受到中华人民悠久的历史文化,而且我们要牢记耻辱,励志让祖国强大。

        Although its brilliant has become the past, we see now is in ruins, but we stood in the ruins of imperial, not only feel the people's long history culture, and we must bear in mind that the stigma, inspiring let our country stronger.

        圆明园位于北京市西郊,海淀区东部。原为清代一座大型皇家御苑,占地约5200亩,平面布局呈倒置的品字形,总面积达350公顷。圆明园有“万园之园”的美称,它建成于清朝乾隆年间,原有亭台楼阁140多处,总面积达350万平方米。它的陆上建筑面积和故宫一样大,水域面积又等于一个颐和园。

        Yuanmingyuan located at Beijing haidian district, west, eastern. A large YuYuan originally qing dynasty royal 52 acres, and covers an area of about the layout is tasted glyph, total area reaches 350 hectares. Yuanmingyuan garden "million" the laudatory name, the garden of qianlong dynasty it into the original pavilions, more than 140 place, the total area of 350 million square meters. Its onshore construction area and the imperial palace, the waters area and as large as equal to one the Summer Palace.

      历史上圆明园,是由圆明园、长春园、绮春园(万春园)组成。三园紧相毗连,通称圆明园。共占地5,200余亩(约350公顷),比颐和园的整个范围还要大出近千亩。它是清代封建帝王在150余年间,所创建和经营的一座大型皇家宫苑。雍正、乾隆、嘉庆、道光、咸丰五朝皇帝,都曾长年居住在圆明园优游享乐,并于此举行朝会,外理政事,它与紫禁城(故宫)同为当时的全国政治中心,被清帝特称为"御园"。

        History by yuanmingyuan garden, is, changchun park, WanChunYuan) composition adas spring park (. Three parks tight photograph adjacent, appellative yuanmingyuan. Total covers 52 acres (about 350 hectares) than the Summer Palace, the larger the whole range from nearly a thousand mu. It is in the feudal emperors in qing dynasty more than 150 years, create and management of a large royal GongYuan. Yongzheng, qianlong and jiaqing;, light, toward the emperor xianfeng five, ever the elder lives in yuanmingyuan leisurely enjoyment, and in this Daniel, held outside the politics, it and the Forbidden City (the palace) with the national political center for then, by qing emperor, called "just".

      圆明园最初是康熙皇帝赐给皇四子胤肚(即后来的雍正皇帝)的花园。在康熙四十六年即公元1707年时,园已初具规模。同年十一月,康熙皇帝曾亲临圆明园游赏。雍正皇帝于1723年即位后,拓展原赐园,并在园南增建了正大光明殿和勤正殿以及内阁、六部、军机处诸值房,御以"避喧听政"。乾隆皇帝在位60年,对圆明园岁岁营构,日日修华,浚水移石,费银千万。他除了对圆明园进行局部增建、改建之外,并在紧东邻新建了长春园,在东南邻并入了绮春园。至乾隆三十五年即1770年,圆明三园的格局基本形成。嘉庆朝,主要对绮春园进行修缮和拓建,使之成为主要园居场所之一。道光朝时,国事日衰,财力不足,但宁撤万寿、香山、玉泉"三山"的陈设,罢热河避暑与木兰狩猎,仍不放弃圆明三园的改建和装饰。

        Yuanmingyuan was first given the emperor kangxi emperor four children zhen (namely later became the yongzheng emperor) garden. After kangxi reign in 1707, 1957 namely the garden has already begun to take shape. In November, emperor kangxi had visit yuanmingyuan touring. Yongzheng emperor throne in 1723 years, expand the original give groves and co-using in park south the legitimate temple and the often main hall and cabinet, six, be the value, royal to "avoid room of anti-smoking activists". Baiken Emperor qianlong of yuanmingyuan in 60 years, all day, right, fix China heaped FeiYin million move stone, water. He in addition to local building, rebuilding yuanmingyuan outside, and in tight east neighbour new-built changchun garden, in southeast adjacent into adas spring park. To qianlong thirty-five years namely 1770, the pattern of three parks yuan Ming basically formed. For the main jiaqing programme for repairs and adas spring park, make it become one of the main YuanJu places. Light toward, state declines, insufficient resources, but rather WanShou, fragrant hill, YuQuan withdrawal "three mountain" display, summer and jehol ", still not to abandon the mulan hunting three yuan Ming rebuilding and decoration. Garden.

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